Identifying skin type

Hi and welcome lovelies,

So the first subject I’d like to discuss is recognizing skin types and types of products to care for it. I’ve come to learn that skincare is crucial for flawless makeup application. Without a good skincare routine or regimen formulated for your skin type and your skin concerns, your makeup JUST won’t look good. We’d all love to say “I woke up like this” (BEYONCÉ voice lol) and mean it. Not only that, but for most of us (if not all) our self esteem revolves around on how we feel when we look at our skin. We all know that as soon as our skin starts to act up we want to run and hide, or not go out into the world. Everything will end if we catch a big red pimple on the middle of our nose right before an event. With that said I will be describing the different skin types and general products that work best and are suited for that type.

There are generally five different skin types. These are Normal, Dry, Oily, Combination, and Sensitive. (I am personally more on dry side.)

NORMAL SKIN is by far the easiest and less troublesome of all the skin types. This skin type usually needs little caring for, and doesn’t require strenuous work in order to keep it well maintained. This does not mean it can’t go through a minor breakout here and there. Come on, you can’t get any luckier lol. This just means that those with normal skin types look fresh, radiant at all times, and appears to be a harmony between moisture and oil. This skin type does not have marks of acne or blemishes. The pores on the face are nearly invisible and little coverage is needed in order to achieve a flawless complexion.

Those with DRY SKIN have minimal issues with pores. However, the skin feels very tight and dry immediately after cleansing or washing your face. This can feel uncomfortable for most. This is due to the fact that the skin lacks the production of natural oils. This skin type is prone to some redness and patches of dry skin buildup. Since this skin type may have dry skin buildup, it is very prone to texture visibility. Fine lines and wrinkles are most noticeable as well. This type is also much more sensitive during the winter months because of the dry air creating dehydration of the skin.

OILY SKIN may be the easiest to identify. Those with oily skin tend to have much larger pores and battle with acne problems. With this skin type there is much more production of oils that cause build up in the pores, resulting in blemishes and acne. It appears greasy and shiny through out the day, especially along the T zone. The best news is that this skin type exhibits minimal signs of aging.
What experts believe is the most common skin type is COMBINATION. This type is when you have both dry patches and oily patches of skin. Generally those with this type have dryness around the cheeks, under eye area, and chin, while the T zone remains very greasy and oily (although this can vary from person to person).This type usually has larger pores around the nose area. The biggest difficulty with this type is that it generally needs to be taken care of differently on the dry areas oppose to the oily areas.

The last skin type is SENSITIVE SKIN. This has to be the skin type that is the trickiest to care for. This is because this type is prone to redness, irritation, inflammation, and breakouts with the use of various  products. This type has to take a lot of caution when considering products for their skin care routine. This type typically feels tight and may have bad reactions to changes in cosmetics or skincare.

Side note is that men oppose to women have thicker skin. This is by about 20% because with men, the blood supply to the skin is much greater. Most men have a tendency to have oily to combination skin. The pores around the nose may appear larger. Men also sweat much easier than women do as well. This is why you might want to consider the possibility of products that are formulated for men, when creating a routine for a male.

A few basic ways to distinguish your skin type are these:

Normal skin feels nice and supple and you don’t have an extra production of oil when blotting with a tissue.
Dry skin feels tight and dehydrated soon after cleansing.
Oily skin feels greasy and appears shiny especially around the nose and forehead.
Combination skin feels tight and dry in some areas of the face, while other areas are greasy and oily.
Sensitive skin is prone to redness and has bad reactions to most products.

Now that you ladies and gentlemen can identify your skin type lets quickly talk about general products that may be good for you. The products in a good skin care routine include:
Cleanser/ face wash
A face mask once a week or so
Exfoliator two to three times a week (depending on skin type)

Like I mentioned earlier NORMAL skin is the easiest to care for. All you need to look for is for skincare with normal functions. A good cleanser that removes makeup is important. This will take away any build up you may have. Look for hydrating moisturizers and toners. Also use a hydrating gel mask once a week or so. Keep in mind you may get the occasinal blemish or pimple but your skin will go back to normal shortly.

Like myself, those with dry skin need products that will give extra boost of hydration. We need regular cleansing to once again avoid build up in our pores because this can too cause us to produce less oils. Cleansing milks or creams are best because it keeps hydration in the skin. Also keep in mind that we shouldn’t wash our faces too many times in a day because it will take away any oils that our skin is trying to produce. Avoid any toners that are alcohol based because this will cause us to dry out further. Look for serums and eye creams that have vitamin e as this helps with fine lines and wrinkles. Always use rich moisturizers because this will lock in the needed moisture. Proper exfoliation is extremely  important and crucial  as this removes all dead skin cells giving you a nicer smoother surface. This should help minimize the look of texture on the skin.

Those with oily skin should avoid rich moisturizers and opt for lighter ones. This is because the skin have barriers against the loss of moisture making you retain excess oils. Use oil controlling products when creating a skincare regimen. Thorough cleansing is a must. When you don’t cleanse effectively and properly this leads to build up in the pores causing breakouts and acne. Once again use oil control cleansers preferably that contain active charcoal or salicylic acid and avoid those with sulfates.
Also use clay based facials or masks as these remove excess oils.

Finding products that suit dry and oily skin can be hard to do if you have combination skin. Most are formulated for a specific type or have specific benefits. It may be more beneficial to chose products for your dry areas and separate items for your oily areas. Some can care for themselves more effectively by looking for products specially formulated for combo skin. Consider acne treating gels (only for affected areas of the face). Products that have antioxidants are a good choice. If your bigger problem area is oily then select light weight products like a light weight gel.  Also steer clear from alcohol based products, menthol or heavy fragrances, and try products with citrus oils.

The difficulty with sensitive skin is exactly that, that it is sensitive. Caution needs to be taken when considering products. Always look for fragrance free or perfume free products is a step in a good direction. Most people with sensitive skin have bad reaction to this and may be the biggest cause in bad reactions in your skincare routine. Another good thing to look for is if a product has too many chemicals. Consider products with mostly (or all) natural ingredients instead. Be very selective and read all ingredients. This type should also steer clear from alcohol based products as they dry out the skin causing inflammation and leaving it vulnerable to other affects. When testing out products only start with a small area (I prefer around the jawline, away from the mouth or eyes). Try to use products that are hypo-allergenic, are water based, and always protect with sunscreen.

(Keep in mind that I am not an expert on skincare, however I have learned a lot as a makeup artist and working at Sephora. If you have any questions on specific products please let me know below. If you want specifics on a new skincare regimen please take a trip to a Sephora and ask to speak to a skincare consultant, or speak to your doctor/dermatologist if highly sensitive.)

Now that you guys can identify what your skin type is and how to care for it, you are now ready for a perfect canvas. On to flawless makeup!!!!!

You wake up, flawless
Post up, flawless
Ride round in it, flawless
Flossin on that, flawless
This diamond, flawless
My diamond, flawless
This rock, flawless
My rock, flawless
I woke up like this
I woke up like this
We flawless, ladies tell ’em
I woke up like this
I woke up like this
We flawless, ladies tell ’em
Say I, look so good tonight
God damn, God damn, God damn
(Beyoncé moment I know lol I had to)

Until next time

Rebecca M.

“Aspire to Inspire”

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